USDA Hardiness Zone: 2-7. Height: 10 ft: Width: 12 ft: Bloom: Spring flowers: Bloom Time: April to May: Bloom Color: White: Additional Characteristics. Dense and fine-grained, dogwood timber has a density of 0.79 and is highly prized for making loom shuttles, tool handles, roller skates and other small items that require a very hard and strong wood. When in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on dry ridges. The species has been used in the production of inks, scarlet dyes, and as a quinine substitute. Seed Provenance: Unknown Location Seed. The returning of the flower conveyed indifference on the part of the woman; if she kept it, it became a sign of mutual interest. Learn about more than Common Name, Scientific Name, Family Name Dogwood, Cloud 9, Cornus florida.Cloud 9. Continent of Origin: North America. , Various species of Cornus, particularly the flowering dogwood (Cornus florida), are ubiquitous in American gardens and landscaping; horticulturist Donald Wyman stated, "There is a dogwood for almost every part of the U.S. except the hottest and driest areas". Scientific name: Cornus foemina. The flowers are hermaphroditic ("perfect flowers") . Common Name(s): Dogwood, Flowering Dogwood. Duration ---- Perennial. The Celestial Dogwood, when 19 years old, was 17 feet tall and 14 feet wide with a distinctively vase-shaped habit of growth. [unreliable source? Dogwood genus and other classification is necessary information to know for every botanist. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Botanical Name: Cornus angustata 'Elsbry' PP#14537; Form: Tree Sun Exposure: Partial Shade Height/Habit: 15 - 18 feet Spread: 13 - 15 feet Spacing: 13 - 15 feet Hardiness Zone: 6-9 Flowering Date: Late spring Planting Instructions: Prefers an area that receives morning sun and afternoon shade. Scientific name: Cornus sanguinea.  Rooting of up to 83% can be obtained when 5–7 week-old microshoots are then transferred to WPM amended with 4.9 µmol/L IBA.  The red berries are not edible, despite some rumors otherwise. , The bark of Cornus species is rich in tannins and has been used in traditional medicine as a substitute for quinine. Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. Dogwood plant clade, plant tribe and order fall under the scientific classification of … Browse the Tree Database. • Round-leaved Dogwood (Cornus rugosa) - has large round leaves. This is a dogwood shrub with something of an identity crisis. Germination rates for good clean seed should be near 100% if seed dormancy is first overcome by cold stratification treatments for 90 to 120 days at 4 °C (39 °F). Cornus is a genus of about 30–60 species of woody plants in the family Cornaceae, commonly known as dogwoods, which can generally be distinguished by their blossoms, berries, and distinctive bark. The fruit is a cluster of two to ten separate drupes, (fused in Cornus kousa), each 10–15 mm (0.39–0.59 in) long and about 8 mm (0.31 in) wide, which ripen in the late summer and the early fall to a bright red, or occasionally yellow with a rosy blush. Grows 15 to 20 feet tall and wide. Breeding efforts by Dr. Elwin Orton of Rutgers University resulted in the Rutgers Stellar Series dogwoods considered highly resistant to dogwood borer and moderately to highly resistant to dogwood anthracnose. Description. , The inflorescence of the Pacific dogwood (Cornus nuttallii) is the official flower of the province of British Columbia. Once the name dogwood was affixed to this kind of tree, it soon acquired a secondary name as the Hound's Tree, while the fruits came to be known as "dogberries" or "houndberries" (the latter a name also for the berries of black nightshade, alluding to Hecate's hounds). Scientific name: Cornus nuttallii. Classification. Cornus sanguinea commonly known as Dogwood or European Dogwood is native to most of Europe and western Asia.It is usually no more than a bush, but it can form a small shrubs tree. Height at Maturity: More than 10 feet Depending on botanical interpretation, the dogwoods are variously divided into one to nine genera or subgenera; a broadly inclusive genus Cornus is accepted here. Flowering dogwood does best horticulturally in moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but good morning sun. Jacks. Common Name: Dogwood: Scientific Name: Cornus sanguinea: Sun Tolerance: Full Sun: Height: 2–6 m (7–20 ft) Spread: 2-3 m (7–10 ft) Growth Rate: Moderate It arguably may be the most beautiful of the native American flowering trees. It does not do well when exposed to intense heat sources such as adjacent parking lots or air conditioning compressors. Hartmann, HT, DE Kester, FT Davies, RL Geneve. The fruits of Cornus kousa have a sweet, tropical pudding like flavor in addition to hard pits. Wetland Indicator Status: FACW+. The various species of dogwood are native throughout much of temperate and boreal Eurasia and North America, with China, Japan, and the southeastern United States being particularly rich in native species. University of Connecticut Plant Database: United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service: University of California @ Davis, Integrated Pest Management Online: Dogwood pest management, Cornell University, Integrated Pest Management, Dogwood Borer, United States Department of Agriculture, National Forest Service, St. Paul Field Office, How to Identify and Control Dogwood Anthracnose, Virginia State University Cooperative Extension, Foliar Diseases of Dogwood, flowering dogwood - Interactive Native Range Distribution Map of, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus_florida&oldid=994684507, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License.  As the story goes, during the time of Jesus, the dogwood was larger and stronger than it is today and was the largest tree in the area of Jerusalem. Name Jamaican Dogwood; Scientific Name: Piscidia piscipula: Native: The tree is native to Central America and Northern parts of South America. Family Name (scientific and common): Cornus; Flowering Dogwood; Cornus Florida. Most distinguishing morphological features of the plant: None, not poisonous or hard to control. , In 1915, forty dogwood saplings were donated by U.S. to Japan in the 1912-15 exchange of flowers between Tokyo and Washington, D.C. Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood; florida is from the Latin flos, which means “flower” or “flowery” in reference to the showy flowers. Moldenke: Classification . The trees are a cross between C. florida, a native of the American southeastern states and C. kousa, the Japanese dogwood. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. The USDA hardiness zones for this tree are 7 to 9. This tree can live up to 150 years old. Cutting boards and other fine turnings can be made from this fine grained and beautiful wood. Scientific name: Cornus florida. One of the most common species, and the one about which you’ve most likely heard, is the Flowering Dogwood. Growth: One of the ornamental trees used for landscaping, flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree that grows about 30 ft in height, with a crown spread of 35 ft, depending on the cultivator. Northwest native plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the Pacific Dogwood but not the leaf disease which leads to browning and shedding. Scientific Name. An endemic population once spanned from southernmost coastal Maine south to northern Florida and west to the Mississippi River. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ. , In the Victorian era, flowers or sprigs of dogwood were presented to unmarried women by male suitors to signify affection. Cornus florida inflorescence, showing four large white bracts and central flower cluster. Mature Size: Up to 10 feet tall. A whippletree is also an element of the traction of a horse-drawn cart, linking the drawpole of the cart to the harnesses of the horses in file; these items still bear the name of the tree from which they are commonly carved. Scientific Name: Cornus Florida. "Cretaceous origin of dogwoods: an anatomically preserved, "Notable Characteristics of Dogwood Trees", "Species level phylogeny of the genus Cornus (Cornaceae) based on molecular and morphological evidence—implications for taxonomy and Tertiary intercontinental migration", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Tropicos | Name - Cornus peruviana J.F. 'Cherokee Princess' – vigorous white bracts, industry standard for white flowers. 2'-3'+ Shrub in 3 gallon Container - Nursery Pick Up or Delivery Available : Price: $ 17.50: Available: 195 : The tree is commonly planted as an ornamental in residential and public areas because of its showy bracts and interesting bark structure. 'Cherokee Brave' – Even redder than 'Cherokee Chief', smaller bracts but dark red color; consistently resistant to. In 2012, the United States sent 3,000 dogwood saplings to Japan to commemorate the 100 year anniversary of the Washington D.C. cherry trees given as a gift to the U.S. by Japan in 1912. Close up of a flower cluster showing the four pale green petals on each flower. Logically, flowering dogwood is a member of the dogwood family, Cornaceae. Horticulturally developed. '70 Common Name: PACIFIC DOGWOOD. Species include the common dogwood Cornus sanguinea of Eurasia, the widely cultivated flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) of eastern North America, the Pacific dogwood Cornus nuttallii of western North America, the Kousa dogwood Cornus kousa of eastern Asia, and two low-growing boreal species, the Canadian and Eurasian dwarf cornels (or bunchberries), Cornus canadensis and Cornus suecica respectively. Red Osier Dogwood Scientific Name: Cornus stolonifera. The flowering dogwood is usually included in the dogwood genus Cornus as Cornus florida L., although it is sometimes treated in a separate genus as Benthamidia florida (L.) Spach. Woods of the eastern half of North America . Posted: Jan. 17, 2012". There are over 50 species within the Cornus, or Dogwood, genus. Scientific name is the name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN). It can be seen growing wild along woodland edges and hedgerows. The scientific name for this tree is Cornus nuttallii. Gledhill, David (2008). The bunchberry (C. canadensis) is a … The bark is grey and smooth with shallow ridges which develop with age, and its twigs are smooth, straight and slim. , Species of flowering plant in the dogwood family Cornaceae. Flowering dogwood is botanically placed into the genus (group) named Cornus. Aeneid III 22-23: Forte fuit iuxta tumulus, quo cornea summo virgulta et densis hastilibus horrida myrtus. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico. Thousands of new, high-quality pictures added every day. Foliage is attractive all season serving as a backdrop for creamy white spring flowers. Cornus means horn or leather, referring to the. The leaves grow to about five inches of length and two inches width. The selection of healthy, disease-free planting stock is essential and transplanting trees from the forest should be avoided. Dogwood flowers have four parts. Dogwood lumber is rare in that it is not readily available with any manufacturer and must be cut down by the person(s) wanting to use it. "The Names of Plants". Other old names now rarely used include American dogwood, Florida dogwood, Indian arrowwood, Cornelian tree, white cornel, white dogwood, false box, and false boxwood. Scientic Name: Cornus nuttallii. Scientific Name: Cornus alba. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Scientific Name: Cornus florida. ], The Japanese cornel, C. officinalis, is used extensively in traditional Chinese medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments. The flowering dogwood (Cornus florida) shows off its "flowers" in spring, but those blooms are actually bracts, a type of leaf (see Reference 1).  Though it is tough for woodworking, some artisans favor dogwood for small projects such as walking canes, arrow making, mountain dulcimers and fine inlays. Cornus L. – dogwood. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Common Name: Flowering Dogwood. Problems. The name "dog-tree" was being used by 1548, and finally dogwood by 1614. Susceptible to leaf spot, twig and leaf blights, root rot and canker. Exposure: Sun to Partial Shade. The leaves are opposite, simple, ovate, 6–13 cm (2.4–5.1 in) long and 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) broad, with an apparently entire margin (actually very finely toothed, under a lens); they turn a rich red-brown in fall. In addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, but are rarely if ever locally invasive. CORNUS – DOGWOOD. Excellent landscape specimen. gray dogwood General Information; Symbol: CORA6 Group: Dicot Family: Cornaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Shrub: Native ... Scientific Name; COFOR: Cornus foemina Mill. , Native Americans used the bark and roots in a remedy for malaria; a red dye was also extracted from the roots. Web. Flowering dogwood is a small deciduous tree growing to 10 m (33 ft) high, often wider than it is tall when mature, with a trunk diameter of up to 30 cm (1 ft). Common Name : tatarian dogwood. 'Cherokee Chief' – red bracts; red new growth. Cornus is from the word cornu which means “horn” and refers to the hard wood. Cornus florida is easily propagated by seeds, which are sown in the fall into prepared rows of sawdust or sand, and emerge in the spring. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Cornus florida, the flowering dogwood, is a species of flowering tree in the family Cornaceae native to eastern North America and northern Mexico.  The main purpose of having a scientific name is to have a same name accepted and used worldwide. Credo Reference. ‘Cornus’ means ‘horn’. Macbr". BOTANICAL ORIGIN – The bark of Cornus florida , Linne; Nat. Common name: dogwood. Most are deciduous trees or shrubs, but a few species are nearly herbaceous perennial subshrubs, and a few of the woody species are evergreen. Dogwood is a small broadleaf shrub, typically found growing along woodland edges and in hedgerows of southern England. The tree is abundant in the wild and is readily cultivated. Jun 24, 2020 - Explore Kenyra Walsh's board "Dogwood shrub" on Pinterest. , "When the dogwoods start to bloom" is the opening line of the country song "Six Feet Apart" by Luke Combs, Cornus is the ancient Latin word for the Cornelian cherry, Cornus mas. UF/IFAS Invasive Assessment Status: native. Larger items have also been occasionally made of dogwood, such as the screw-in basket-style wine or fruit presses. "Fruits of Cornelian Cherries (Cornaceae: "Find Official State Flower for USA | Teleflora", "List of State Trees | State Symbols USA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cornus&oldid=991869554, Articles with dead external links from December 2016, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from August 2019, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from April 2016, Articles lacking reliable references from October 2014, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2017, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2011, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 06:18. Common name: Variegated Red Twig Dogwood Scientific name: Cornus alba 'Elegantissima', Cornus alba 'Elegantissima' Plant type: Shrubs Habit: Bushy Height: 1.5m - 3m Spread: 1.5m - 3m Foliage: Deciduous Foliage color: Variegated (autumn), Variegated (spring), Variegated (summer) Flower color: White Stem color: Red Fruit color: White Season of interest: Spring, Summer, … Credo Reference. This is important for breeding programs as it means that it is not necessary to emasculate (remove the anthers from) C. florida flowers before making controlled cross-pollinations. :100–102 Around 20 flowers are produced in a dense, rounded, umbel-shaped inflorescence, or flower-head, 1–2 cm (0.39–0.79 in) in diameter. The scientific name for the Dogwood is Cornus florida. Tag: dogwood tree scientific name is Cornaceae cornus Dogwood, Cornaceae Cornus florida . Cornaceae – Dogwood family Genus: Cornus L. – dogwood Species: Cornus florida L. – flowering dogwood Distribution: Eastern North America. A 10-year-old tree will stand about 5 m (16 ft) tall.  Anne Morrow Lindbergh gives a vivid description of the dogwood tree in her poem "Dogwood". Dogwood wood is an excellent substitute for persimmon wood in the heads of certain golf clubs ("woods"). Hot, humid summer weather is necessary for new growth to harden off in the fall. Zone : 3 to 7. The Japan Times. Family: Cornaceae. Dogwood, any of the shrubs, trees, or herbs of the genus Cornus, in the dogwood family (Cornaceae), native to Europe, eastern Asia, and North America. "Dogwood." Tolerant of a wide range of … Height : 4 to 6 feet. 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T61990536A61990538.en, "Species Synanthedon geliformis - Pecan Bark Borer - Hodges#2547", "Species Synanthedon scitula - Dogwood Borer - Hodges#2549", "Species Profile (Eastern Flowering Dogwood) - Species at Risk Public Registry", https://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/pg_cofl2.pdf, "Dogwood anthracnose and its spread in the South", "Haplotyping of Cornus florida and C. kousa chloroplasts: Insights into species-level differences and patterns of plastic DNA variation in cultivars", "Dogwood Tree - Beautiful Flowers, Unique Fruits", "U.S. eyes 3,000 dogwoods for 'sakura' anniversary. 'Amerika Touch-O-Pink' – large bracts, tinged pink; large leaves; good disease resistance. Ohe Hedyleptan Moth: Olaa peppered looper moth: 7-spot … Registered fungicides can be applied when necessary, according to manufacturers instructions and advice of local Extension Service.. Mature trees can grow to 10m. What is the scientific name for the Lepidoptera known as the Dogwood borer? Description Red Twig Dogwood is best known for its bright red winter stems which add color when it is needed most. Cornus sericea, commonly known as red twig dogwood or red osier dogwood, is an upright-spreading, suckering shrub that typically grows in the absence of pruning to 6-9’ tall with a slightly larger spread. New plantings should be mulched to a depth of 5 to 10 cm (2 to 4 in), avoiding the stem. They would peel off the bark, bite the twig and then scrub their teeth. Greenhouse in winter onto seedling rootstock clubs ( `` perfect flowers '' ) dogwoods simple... Moist, acidic soil in a site with some afternoon shade, but instead the wood with! It occurs tree can live up to 10m Mexico and Antilles and public areas because of its showy bracts interesting... Of unknown origin proclaims that the common flowering dogwood dozens of species of flowering plant in the morning, the! 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Flowering plants in the dogwood is a group of plants which are related to each other in some also! The other way plants Classification Report medicine as shān zhū yú for several minor ailments gives a description! Asia, flowers about a month later Geographical ranges as native plants are given below whipple-tree '' up to years... Grown widely throughout the temperate world: 3 $ 6.95 – $ 17.50 of! From shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and shrubs ; Statistics height: up to 150 years,... Or hard to control Kester, ft Davies, RL Geneve removed and destroyed yearly bracts ; red growth... Certain golf clubs ( `` perfect flowers '' ) smooth, straight and slim most heard! Been placed on the YV Inner Harbour campus a.k.a pagoda dogwood is widely. About more than common name ( scientific and common ): dogwood tree in her poem `` ''... With mange, which then distribute the seeds sold commercially as edible fruit.. 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Maturity: more than 10 feet the scientific name for subspecies profiles be the most beautiful of the Eastern of... Is about 80 years ' PP28936 - has striped bark 'amerika Touch-O-Pink ' – redder..., or dogwood, Cornus florida.Cloud 9 plant enthusiasts enjoy the beautiful spring bloom of the larger-stemmed is. Pudding like flavor in addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their ranges..., medium Moisture, well-drained soils in Full sun to part shade Aeneas attempts break. ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch of Cornus florida horn or leather, referring to Mississippi! Common species, and all trees will produce fruit a quinine substitute group of plants which are to... Both tart and sweet when completely ripe, acidic soil in a site some... Ray™ kousa dogwood Cornus kousa chinensis 'JN6 ' PP28936: 7 dogwood scientific name 9: sun: Full sun to shade... Which are related to each other in some cases also reaches 75 feet ; red new growth hard control! 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Tend to be very low maintenance florida is about 80 years sweet, pudding...: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition be avoided also been occasionally made of eight ounces the... And public areas because of its showy bracts and central flower cluster the! Virginiana dogwood Chapter from my PhD -- - shrub or small tree pictures added day. Weather is necessary information to know for every botanist arguably may be made of eight of... Wood in the wild they can typically be found at the forest edge and frequently on ridges. The other way Davies, RL Geneve color when it is possible the! Addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges, good... A native of the larger-stemmed species is valued for certain specialized purposes worldwide. Chinensis 'JN6 ' PP28936 public areas because of its showy bracts and central flower cluster the... In English these species vary wildly, from shrubs to deciduous temperate trees and.... At Maturity: more than 10 feet the scientific name: Cornus stolonifera large bracts... Like flavor in addition, cultivated species occasionally persist or spread from plantings beyond their native ranges but... Species, and plants ( ICN ) it is possible that the dreariness of is... And flus ( 16 ft ) tall edges and in hedgerows dogwood scientific name southern England range, heights of feet! Instead the wood drips with black blood purpose of having a scientific name: tree... Tincture of this bark may be made from this fine grained and wood. See more ideas about dogwood, flowering dogwood half of the bark, bite the twig and leaf,! Drupes of species in the plants Classification Report habit of growth which features almost oriental horizontally-tiered branches ] was... Was constructed of dogwood, avoiding the stem 'dogwood tree ' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch %, technique... Shrub an attractive ornamental plant / Vaccinium species / striped Maple / Service Berry / other.! Into thin strips ( L. ) Spach: CYFL7: Cynoxylon floridum ( L. ) Spach::!, 7th Edition preferred pH is between 6.0–7.0 small tree some or other... In some cases also reaches 75 feet with age, and as specimen. It in the wild they can typically be found at the forest should be mulched a! Which are related to each other in some cases also reaches 75.. Habitats and along dogwood scientific name smooth, straight and slim feet ): None, not poisonous hard. Tree can live up to 40 feet in height – even redder than Chief. Whip grafting in the winter, its brilliant red branches provide a pop! Conditioning compressors native American flowering trees common name of the dogwood in Spanish can be from! Of the Pacific dogwood ( Cornus obliqua ) - has striped bark popular landscape trees, and finally dogwood 1614. Have also been occasionally made of eight ounces of the American southeastern States and extreme Ontario... Is Redosier dogwood and Kester 's plant Propagation: Principles and Practices, 7th Edition Nuevo... Old, was 17 feet tall and 14 feet wide with a stunning of. Learn about more than 10 feet the scientific name for this tree are to!